The International Day Against Nuclear Tests was established on the 2nd December 2009, as a response to over 2000 nuclear tests that have taken place since 1945, the year of the first nuclear test. Most of the tests were conducted by the United States (1,032) and by the Soviet Union (715), but France (210), India, North Korea, Pakistan, China and the United Kingdom carried out tests too, between 1945 and 1996. There are three types of Nuclear Tests: atmospheric testing, underwater testing and underground testing. It was important to stop Nuclear Tests because exposure to radiation can kill and damage living cells, which may lead to cancer and hereditary disorders.
The initiative of having an International Day Against Nuclear tests was taken at the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly. The idea was initiated Kazakhstan, in order to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site on the 29th of August 1991.
The purpose is to increase awareness about the negative effects of nuclear testing. After establishing The International Day Against Nuclear Tests, all the countries which are part of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons agreed to work on achieving a peaceful and secure world, a world free of any nuclear weapons. So help them raise awareness among your close friends, virtual friends, family and acquaintances however you can,you can even do so by sharing this blog post, twitting about it and simply through using social media hashtags.